My guest is Pulitzer Prize winning long-time correspondent for the New York Times, Hedrick Smith, author of Who Stole the American Dream? We will discuss his views on what happened to America, Wall Street, the Middle Class and our future.Hedrick Smith, Pulitzer Prize-winning former New York Times reporter and editor and Emmy Award-winning producer/correspondent, is one of America's most distinguished journalists. He has covered Washington and world capitals for The New York Times, authored several best-selling books and created 20 award-winning PBS prime time specials and miniseries on Washington's power game, Soviet perestroika, the global economy, education reform, health care, teen violence, terrorism and Wall Street.
After September 11th, Mr. Smith went Inside the Terror Network with PBS Frontline to show how Al Qaeda's conspirators organized their attack and how the U.S. missed chances to catch them. He has since led Frontline investigative reports, Bigger Than Enron, The Wall Street Fix, Tax Me If You Can, Is Wal-Mart Good for America? and Can You Afford to Retire? These programs probed accounting scandals, conflicts on Wall Street, global trade, corporate fraud, the rising crisis in retirement funding, and their implications for American investors, workers and retirees. The Wall Street Fix won a prestigious Emmy for documentaries on business.
For 26 years, Mr. Smith served as a correspondent for The New York Times in Washington, Moscow, Cairo, Saigon, Paris and the American South. In 1971, as chief diplomatic correspondent, he was a member of the Pulitzer Prize-winning team that produced the Pentagon Papers series. In 1974, he won the Pulitzer Prize for International Reporting from Russia and Eastern Europe. From 1976-1988, he was The New York Times Washington bureau chief and chief correspondent.
Hedrick Smith has published several national best-selling books, including The Russians (1976), The Power Game: How Washington Works (1988), The New Russians (1990) and Rethinking America (1995). He has co-authored several other books. His newspaper career began with The Greenville (S.C.) News. After completing his B.A. at Williams College and doing graduate work at Oxford University, he worked for Universal Press International in Memphis, Nashville and Atlanta, 1959-62, and for The New York Times, 1962-88. He was awarded a Nieman Fellowship at Harvard in 1969-7
Smith began creating documentaries for PBS in 1989 with an adaptation from his best-selling book, The Power Game. His second documentary series, Inside Gorbachev's USSR, broadcast on PBS in 1990, built on his experience as Moscow Bureau Chief for The New York Times in the 1970s, on his best selling book, The Russians, and on his subsequent coverage of Mikhail Gorbachev's perestroika. Inside Gorbachev's USSR won the duPont-Columbia grand prize in 1991 for the most outstanding public affairs production on U.S. television.
Mr. Smith's PBS miniseries, the two-hour prime time special, Making Schools Work, which broadcast in 2005, showed dramatic and surprising improvements in educational achievement among students from poor neighborhoods in previously low-performing schools. In two previous series, Challenge to America in 1994 and Surviving the Bottom Line in 1998, Hedrick Smith Productions compared American public schools and students with those in Germany, Japan and China, to see which nations and systems are gaining competitive advantage in the 21st century. By identifying school models and strategies that are generating large-scale success - lifting the performance of roughly two million low income and minority students - offers examples that have enormous significance for American public education across the country.
In his documentaries, Mr. Smith's work ranges widely with enduring impact and broad reach. His programs on Washington politics were not only popular but are now widely used in college and university courses. Before the 2000 election, PBS devoted an entire prime time evening to his pre-election special on U.S. health care, Critical Condition with Hedrick Smith, which was nominated for an Emmy. He has produced two four-hour miniseries on the impact of the global economy on the U.S. middle class, Challenge to America and Surviving the Bottom Line. For Black History month, he gave PBS viewers Duke Ellington's Washington. A year later, he created Rediscovering Dave Brubeck, an intimate portrait of the legendary jazz pianist.
In September 1999, after deadly violence at several U.S. public schools, Smith produced a three-hour prime time special, Seeking Solutions, that broke new ground by showing effective grass roots responses in six American communities to teen violence, gangs, street crime and hate crime. The program won the 1999 public service award for television from Sigma Delta Chi, the national journalism society.
Almost all of Hedrick Smith's productions have won awards from film festivals and competitions. The Power Game (1989), won the international RIAS prize as well as a CINE Golden Eagle, and his inner city documentary, Across the River (1995), about community building in crime-plagued neighborhoods of Washington, won the prestigious Sidney Hillman Award, among others. Five other documentaries have won CINE Golden Eagle Awards and others have brought home honors from film festivals. PBS viewers saw Mr. Smith for 25 years as a principal panelist on Washington Week in Review and have also seen him as a special correspondent for The NewsHour with Jim Lehrer. Mr. Smith has received six honorary doctorate degrees and has spoken at several college commencements. He was born July 9, 1933 in Kilmacolm, He was educated at The Choate School (now Choate Rosemary Hall) in Wallingford, Connecticut and at Williams College, and did graduate work at Oxford University. You can read more about Hedrick Smith at his website: http://reclaimtheamericandream.org/ Or listen to at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nRbCRuPkddg
Next week The Advocates will discuss “Have American students forgotten history?” with Professor James Longo.